In Chapters 3-4, what does Wopsle say about "the prodigal"? Why did Dickens include this allusion? How does the narrator feel now about the scene in Chapter 18, pp. 142-143, and why have feelings changed? ( This is about Joe's response to being offered money)

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Mr. Wopsle says that the prodigal son in the Bible was accompanied by swine after Joe gives Pip more gravy at dinner. The adults at the dinner, including Pip's sister, constantly demean Pip. Only Joe is generous and loving to Pip and shows him this love not by speaking out but by constantly providing Pip with more gravy.

In chapter 18, Mr. Jaggers arrives to tell Pip and Joe that Pip has come into a fortune, and Mr. Jaggers offers to pay Joe for getting Pip out of his apprenticeship. Joe refuses to take any money and says that he will not stand in Pip's way.

Dickens includes these two scenes as a precursor of what is to come. Pip will eventually be the prodigal son who will return home to Joe without any money, and Joe will take him back lovingly. These two scenes set up Pip's return, as he is first compared to the prodigal son, and later, in chapter 18, Joe is shown feeling sad that Pip is leaving, as he cares for Pip greatly.

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His allusion is to the prodigal son in the Bible. He makes the remark that "'swine were the companion of the prodigal. The gluttony of Swine is put before us, as an example to the young.'" "'What is detestable in a pig is more detestable in a boy.'" Wopsle wants to teach Pip a lesson about being ungrateful to have what he does and to be taken care of by his sister.

I'm not real sure what you are asking about in Chapter 18. Joe refuses the money because he would never stand in Pip's way of bettering himself. It's an insult to Joe to think that anyone would have to pay him to allow Pip his freedom to improve his lot in life. Pip notices that the lawyer seems to think Joe is stupid not to be interested in the money and looks down on him as a sort of ignorant country bumpkin. Pip is too excited at the time to pay much attention to it, however.

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