Although The Boy in the Striped Pajamas is a work of fiction, it also fulfils an historical role so the setting is crucial in confirming the mood and tone of the novel. There is surprise, anger and anguish as Bruno wonders what will happen when he moves away from his friends. Bruno's mother feels dismay as "some people" are making their decisions for them and even though she tells Bruno "we’ll come back to it (home in Berlin) someday," it is apparent that she is not sure what the future holds.
The family have a maid and a butler and they will travel with them to "Out-With." The family are clearly advantaged and, having received a visit from "The Fury" (furher), Bruno's father is obviously instrumental in Hitler's command. The setting of Bruno's home will contribute to the stark difference between Bruno's life in Berlin and his new life, overlooking a concentration camp.