In Lord of the Flies, what reason does Ralph give for the boys' defection to Jack? What kind of leader is Jack?
Ralph says, in chapter 9, that the boys are going to Jack's tribe so they can have fun and act like children. He says the boys are leaving him so they can hunt, pretend to be a tribe, and put on war paint. Jack offers the boys excitement and lures them with food from his hunts. He doesn't tell them that he will control them completely however - that's the lure and the trap of a dictator which is what he becomes. Ralph realizes the need for organization and order. He knows that to survive, they will have to work. He knows that they cannot be children any longer, that they must become responsible. He doesn't know, however, how to communicate this effectively to the other boys. Jack instinctively knows how to entice the boys with tales of fun and adventure and promises of food - the equivalent of wealth.
- In chapter 9, Ralph said: ‘”And for hunting,” said Ralph, wisely, “and for pretending to be a tribe, and putting on war-paint.”’ (Golding, pg.163). Jack lures the boys in to his control by offering them meat from his hunts, and excitement. Jack is a manipulative leader who can insert fear in the boys; while the boys are scared and overwhelmed by emotional instincts, Jack takes the opportunity to persuade the boys. He also uses effective traps by not telling the boys that he will not completely control them. Ralph, at this point, realizes the need for order and organization; he knows that they can no longer act like children. Although he wants civilization and order in the boys, he has difficulty communicating to the boys. Jack, on the other hand, can foresee the boys’ fears and instincts, therefore being able to control and brainwash them.
Jack is a manipulative leader. He plays on the fear of the other boys. He has very good knowledge of how to persuade others, using their emotions and instincts.