On April 5th, something odd happened at the Buchenwald camp. The prisoners were gathered in their block waiting for the German officers to conduct the head count. However, the officer in charge was late, and two hours later all Jews were ordered to congregate in the Appelplatz.
The children in Eliezer’s block obliged, but as they made their way to the destination, they met another group of prisoners. The prisoners asked them to go back to their block because the Germans planned to shoot them. As they were heading back, they learned that the underground movement had decided to rescue the Jews from liquidation.
The next day, a roll call was carried out, and the prisoners were informed that the camp would be liquidated. Prisoners would be evacuated from ten blocks each day until the entire camp was completely evacuated. The evacuation started immediately, and thousands of prisoners left Buchenwald.
Days later, the prisoners remaining were estimated at twenty thousand, and the SS decided to evacuate them together. However, it was too late because of the approaching American forces. The evacuation was postponed to the next day. In the morning, German officers took their positions, but as they directed the prisoners to the Appelplatz, the resistance movement launched an attack from within. They were able to overpower the SS, who were forced to flee.
The resistance movement was possibly a group of political prisoners in the camp. This group avoided detection and sabotaged Nazi activities. When the opportunity presented itself, they successfully launched an attack and led to the liberation of the remaining prisoners.