In Chapter 5 of Lord of the Flies, cite evidence of the deterioration of democratic rule.
At the beginning of Chapter 5, Ralph becomes depressed as he walks along the beach and thinks about how the organization of the group has steadily declined. Ralph then calls a meeting and proceeds to berate the boys for their noncompliance with the tasks agreed upon at previous assemblies. After Ralph's speech, the boys begin to discuss the existence of the beast and where it lives. A littlun named Percival Wemys Madison begins to cry, and Jack interrupts the meeting without holding the conch. Evidence of democratic deterioration is presented when Golding writes,
"Jack was the first to make himself heard. He had not got the conch and thus spoke against the rules; but nobody minded" (123).
Jack then reports that Percival said that the beast comes from the sea, and the entire group of boys begins to argue. Another piece of evidence that reveals the deterioration of democratic rule is presented when Golding writes,
"In a moment the platform was full of arguing, gesticulating shadows. To Ralph, seated, this seemed the breaking up of sanity" (125).
At the end of the chapter, Jack refuses to let Piggy speak even though he is holding onto the conch. Again, there is evidence that democratic rule is deteriorating when Jack tells Ralph, "Bollocks to the rules!" (Golding 130). Jack then leads his group of hunters off of the platform before the assembly is over.
Ralph calls another meeting because he is noticing behavior among the boys that he doesn't like in regards to the rules he has set up. He reprimands the boys for not keeping up their hygiene, for not making sure there is always a supply of drinking water, for not building shelters, and especially for not making sure the signal fire is always lit, which he keeps emphasizing is the only way they're going to be rescued. Jack, who wants nothing do to with rules and resents that this meeting is even happening, is disorderly during the meeting and those who look up to Jack follow suit. The meeting soon becomes out of control and no attempts by Ralph to control it are successful. Jack leaves the meeting and some of the boys go with him. Piggy suggests to Ralph to blow the conch to get the boys to come back, since the conch was always a symbol of order and rules. Ralph refuses to do so. He is afraid to face the possibility that the boys won't return if he blows the conch. He'd have to face the reality that his hold over the group is completely gone and he's not ready to face that reality yet.