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In Chapter V of George Orwell’s novel Animal Farm, Napoleon makes a number of changes to the farm after his dogs violently chase Snowball from the area. Such changes include the following:
- Napoleon essentially imposes a dictatorship on the farm, with himself as supreme ruler. For example, he announces
that from now on the Sunday-morning Meetings would come to anend. They were unnecessary, he said, and wasted time. In future all questions relating to the working of the farm would be settled by a special committee of pigs, presided over by himself. These would meet in private and afterwards communicate their decisions to the others. The animals would still assemble on Sunday mornings to salute the flag, sing Beasts of England, and receive their orders for the week; but there would be no more debates.
In short, Napoleon suppresses most opportunities for discussion, debate, and dissension. When some of the animals express concern about these changes, Napoleon’s dogs growl at them, and the dissenters soon fall silent.
- Snowball’s heroism, which had earlier been appreciated, is now officially denigrated and minimized.
- The animals are encouraged to embrace the idea that “Napoleon is always right.”
- Regular parades are instituted, as in many one-party dictatorships:
The skull of old Major, now clean of flesh, had been disinterred from the orchard and set up on a stump at the foot of the flagstaff, beside the gun. After the hoisting of the flag, the animals were required to file past the skull in a reverent manner before entering the barn.
Such parades, a standard feature of Nazi, fascist, and communist regimes, are still quite common in North Korea.
- Whereas at one time the animals had all sat together, now Napoleon and his trusted comrades sit in the front and face the rest of the animals – another clear sign of Napoleon’s domination.
Various other changes are instituted in Chapter V, but all of them help emphasize that Animal Farm is now a dictatorship; any pretense of democratic rule is simply that: a pretense.
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