In Chapter 27, someone also breaks into Judge Taylor's house. Because Bob Ewell is so upset and embarrassed, we can assume that he is to blame. Additionally, the Ewell family is caught throwing rocks at Helen Robinson as she walks to work. Mr. Deas threatens Bob when this occurs, spurring Bob Ewell's anger even further.
Last sentence in the chapter: "Mr. Bob Ewell stopped Atticus on the post office corner, spat in his face, and told him he'd get him if it took the rest of his life." Spitting in the face is an insult; it was meant to show Ewell's contempt for him. From Ewell's point of view, Atticus insulted him but implying Ewell, not Tom, assaulted Mayella. The subsequent threat proves true at the end of the novel when Ewell attacks Scout and Jem while walking home in the dark.