In Chapter 2, Peter wants to play a common game that kids play on Earth, "Buggers and Astronauts."
Peter, Ender's older brother, always chooses the role of astronaut. This means Ender has a disadvantage. In addition to Ender wearing a bugger mask that narrows his vision, Peter, who is already older, bigger, and stronger, continually taunts Ender throughout the game. As a role-play situation, Peter is acting out the attitude of humans toward buggers at that time. Everyone is taught to believe that Buggers are a sub-human species, who are dumber and weaker than humans, and also gross.
This game shows Peter's evil side. He takes everything too far. His own mallice goes beyond the game, and he picks on his younger brother from a place of raw evil inside himself. Even when Ender essentially begs for mercy, Peter won't let up. Then, at the end of it all, he laughs, and tells Ender it was just a game.