In Chapter 18, Mayella Ewell takes the stand to testify. When Atticus begins his cross-examination, he refers to Mayella as "ma'am." Mayella has never had anyone speak to her politely before and takes offense to Atticus's courteous remark. Mayella tells Judge Taylor that she refuses to answer any questions as long as Atticus continues to mock her. Judge Taylor seems confused as to why Mayella has taken offense to Atticus calling her "ma'am," and she insists that Atticus is giving her sass. Despite being known as a strict man who never evokes pity, Judge Taylor explains to Mayella that Atticus is simply being courteous. Mayella is not used to people treating her politely because she rarely leaves her home. Unfortunately, Mayella Ewell has no friends and her father is an abusive alcoholic. She was not raised in a loving home where people treat each other with respect, which is why she misinterprets Atticus's gesture of courtesy.