In Chapter 12 “The Lowest Run” of the book The Big Squeeze: Tough Times for the American Worker, Greenhouse takes a look at the stresses and strains faced by American workers as wages have stagnated, and job security has shriveled. Also, Greenhouse examines the most important trends taking place in the United States today: the broad decline in the status and treatment of American workers; white-collar and blue-collar workers.
Now Answer the following:
- Do Americans want to deport illegal immigrates more than they want to exploit them? Yes or No. Explain.
- What jobs do illegals work?
Since question ultimately calls for the opinion of the student, some facts and issues will be put forth, elements that can assist the student in formulating a response.
1. Do American employers want to deport illegal immigration more than they want to exploit immigrants?Companies use cheaper and younger foreign workers to work lower wages.
In a 2012 issue of Bloomberg Businessman, there is a report on the results of Alabama's strict immigration laws of 2010 that left the state without workers to pick tomatoes and other vegetables. The intention of the law was to remove illegal immigrants and get more Alabamians working. However, the wages were such that many U.S. citizens refused the opportunity to work in the fields or in chicken processing plants. So, the farmers hired legal immigrants who were living in Atlanta, Georgia, refugees from warring African countries. These immigrants went to work, picking.
This is a scenario not uncommon to other locations in Alabama, as well as in other states. A Chilie's restaurant manager in Birmingham openly declared that prior to the state law, he had "illegal" people working for him at a cheaper rate than any American would work, and said that he would hire them again if given the opportunity. From these instances, it would seem, then, that there is truly what Greenhouse describes in his book as the end of the social contract, "a growing disconnect between what's good for American corporations and what's good for American workers."
While some employers are willing to hire illegals if they can, there are private citizens who are not supportive of them because often the families of these low-wage workers are costing the taxpayers money as they receive some kind of aid from governmental offices, or the children are attending public school.
2. What jobs do illegal immigrants work?
Many immigrants work piecemeal jobs; that is, jobs that are low-paying and only based upon what they pick or produce. These jobs are usually temporary without any benefits aince employers know that they can exploit these people some by using the threat of exposing them as illegal.