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In Chapter Five of Book the First of "A Tale of Two Cities," there are six significant characters:
1. Ernest Defarge - owner of the wine shop in Paris, a
dark man altogether, with good eyes and a good bold breadth between them. Good-humoured-looking on the whole, but implacable-looking, too; evidently a man of a strong resolution and a set purpose; a man not desireable to be met rushing down a narrow pass with a gulf on either side, for nothing would turn the man.
2. Therese Defarge - one of the most famous of Dickens's characters and all of literature. She is wife to Ernest, a stout woman of her husband's age, who has a most watchful eye, although she seems to not look at anything. She has strong features and great composure. Constantly, she knits and coughs when certain people enter the wine shop.
There was a character about Madame Defarge, from which one might have predicated that she did not often make mistakes against herself in any of the reckonings over which she presided.
3-5. The three "Jacques" who wear red caps. They are revolutionaries and participate in the storming of the Bastille.
6. Dr. Alexandre Mannette - the father of Lucie Manette whom Mr. Lorry of Tellson's bank accompanies to Paris. There Lucie is reunited after fourteen years with her father, who has been a prisoner in the Bastille, having worked their as a maker of shoes.
Ernest Defarge, who was formerly a servant of Dr. Manette, has Dr. Manette reside in an apartment of his after Manette is rescued in the invasion of the old prison. He brings the three Jacques to view him, hoping that they will be further inspired as Manette has been a prisoner of the nobility. (The use of the name "Jacques" comes from the ruling class who dismissed the servants as just so many "Jacques.") But, when Mr. Lorry and Lucie arrive, the three men leave.
Not only are these characters significant, but the wine spilled in the streets of St. Antoine is important in foreshadowing the blood that will be soon spilled. In addition to the symbolism of the wine, the crowds that form are a foreshadowing of other crowds, crowds and the accompanying horror associated with these crowds is a recurring motif in Dickens's novel.
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