Everything, from literature, to the medical field, to the musical field, and even in the political field tends to develop into a diversity of movements. However, let's examine "change" under the umbrella of literary movements, because social change is mainly documented through literature. History influences thinking, and the changes in thinking influence society through literature.
For instance, during the "Dark Ages", society was told to think and act under paradigms and constructs that were based on fear and blatant psychological abuse. Yet, just when the world was at its worse with a combination of religious corruption, poor health, and social injustice, things began to change.
In came the Middle English period with the invention of the printing press in 1450 which revolutionized the intellectual and literary worlds forever. Because of the invention of the printing press every single field is affected: Religion is affected because of the printing of bibles (and the disputes that came as a result), commerce grew, , reading began as a habit and not as a luxury, people became more educated, and society began to see the world differently. Afterwards came the Renaissance and the glories that it brought in terms of literature and the arts. The Neoclassical period came hand in hand with the Enlightenment, and with it, huge developments began to occur in politics, literature, society, and even religion.
The Romantic, Victorian, and Edwardian periods in literature illustrated the massive improvements made in public health and medicine during the 19th century, and the modern day literature still shows a world in constant change from the advent of the Web 2.0 to the radical changes that came as a result of the attacks in September 11, 2001.
Therefore, through any form of literature, change is evident and definitely inevitable.