In "The Cask of Amontillado," give an example of hyperbole used by the narrator in the beginning of the story.

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Hyperbole is exaggeration, and writers often use it for emphasis or effect. I agree with the other answer that the hyperbole used by Montresor, the narrator, at the start of the story is the "thousand" injuries he claims he has suffered at the hands of Fortunato. It is highly doubtful Montresor has been injured a thousand times: that is simply an exaggerated round number that he comes up to communicate the idea that Fortunato has repeatedly hurt him. To Montresor, it might feel as if he has been injured a thousand times.

Montresor is trying to rationalize his heinous murder of Fortunato. Because of the magnitude of what Montresor has done—walling up Fortunato to die alone in a dark, cold, damp catacomb—he needs to convince the reader that he was justified in doing this. A thousand injuries might seem to him sufficient provocation. The problem is that he never tells the reader what these injuries are, so the revenge appears insane and unwarranted.

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The very first line of the story is an example of hyperbole, or overstatement.  The narrator, Montresor, says, "The thousand injuries of Fortunato I had borne as best I could; but when he ventured upon insult, I vowed revenge."  It is unlikely that Fortunato had actually injured Montresor a thousand times, and thus we can deduce that Montresor, the narrator, is exaggerating in order to make a point.  

It seems that Montresor is now an old man, confessing his sins on his deathbed, it is probable that he is trying to justify his behavior -- and the murder of Fortunato -- and really impress upon his listener how deserved such an action was.  Since the purpose of hyperbole is always to emphasize the truth by exaggerating the truth, he also seems to want to convey just how injured he truly felt.  Even if Fortunato had not hurt him a thousand times, it certainly felt that way to Montresor, and thus he felt compelled to act the way he did.

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