We are given that a given bag containing two types of nails weighs 3 pounds. There are finishing nails that weigh 1 pound for every 150 nails, and framing nails that weigh 1 pound for every 30 nails. We are also told that the ratio of finishing nails to framing nails is 25:1. We are asked to find the number of finishing nails in the bag:
Let x be the number of finishing nails, and let y be the number of framing nails.
The total weight of finishing nails is given by x/150 while the weight of framing nails is y/30.(e.g. if there are 300 finishing nails they weigh 2lbs, etc.)
Since the weight of the bag is 3 lbs, we have x/150 + y/30 = 3.
We also know that x=25y (since they are in a ratio of 25:1). We can substitute 25y in place of x to get:
`(25y)/(150)+y/30=3 ` or `y/6+y/30=3 ==> (5y)/30+y/30=3 ==> (6y)/30=3 ==> 6y=90 ==> y=15 `
If y=15 then x=25y=25(15)=375
There are 375 finishing nails in the bag.
There are many other ways to approach this problem including using a guess-and-check system, graphing, etc.
Checking the answer we see that 375 finishing nails weigh 2.5 pounds while 15 framing nails weigh .5 pounds with a total weight of 3 pounds as required.