In 1962, Malcolm refers to a climate of hate in the U.S. What specific incidents is he speaking about?
I think that Malcolm speaks of a general cultural attitude that focuses on discrimination and hatred, as opposed to one specific incident. When he speaks of the "climate of hate," Malcolm refers to the embedded racism that is part of America in the 1960s. This is seen in the overt racism of the South, where intimidation through social and physical means seeks to silence people of color. This is also seen in the covert racism of the North, where the same discrimination denies people of color economic, social, and political opportunities to advance and better their own lot in the world. This is the climate that enables lynchings, cross- burnings, physical harassment, and relegation along with silence of voice. For Malcolm, this has been part of the historical dialectic concerning America and its relationship between people of color. Malcolm brings this out in terms of Native Americans, African- Americans, and even Japanese- Americans through World War II internment. In this, Malcolm X argues that the embedded nature of the United States and its historical narrative have helped to set the stage where a "climate of hate" is present in all of White American interactions with people of color. This climate has been aided and perpetuated by an inability to effectively deal with the issue of race and ethnicity.