Candide Questions and Answers
by Voltaire

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In Candide, do you think Voltaire agrees completely with Martin's philosophy? 

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David Morrison eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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Martin is presented by Voltaire as the foil to Pangloss. He's as much an incorrigible pessimist as Pangloss is an optimist. In fact, Martin is so pessimistic that he doesn't believe there's any good in the world at all. Such an attitude is not one that Voltaire himself shared. On the contrary, he believed, in common with many of the leading thinkers of the Enlightenment, that people were innately good but corrupted by the artificial institutions of human society. In particular, Voltaire singled out the...

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gbeatty eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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hooleyi | Student

Contrary to gbeatty, I believe that Voltaire does express his opinions through Martin. His disbelief in the English Church is clearly voiced through the character Martin. Also, the fact that Voltaire is critizing their society at the time is also voiced through the character Martin. Gbeatty said that Voltaire does not cover all his opinions and this is true- it would have been impossible to combine his complicated beliefs into one character. For this reason, he slowly expresses his opinions throughout the book.