In Candide, how does Voltaire give the reader the feeling that evil does exist here on Earth?

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gbeatty | College Teacher | (Level 1) Educator Emeritus

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Voltaire communicates the reality of evil in many ways, but all of them reduce to showing the lack of fit between Candide's innocent approach to the world and the activities he finds happening there.  Some of these happen to Candide himself—he is beaten and robbed—and some to other people, such as the former slave who is missing limbs due to the harsh discipline he encountered. The result is a deep irony.