Romanticism was a late 18th and early 19th century British and European movement in literature and the other arts that emphasized the importance of the solitary individual. Works from the movement are often expressive, highly emotional, somewhat irregular in form, and aim at reproducing peak visionary experiences. Many romantics put especial value on nature and display nostalgia for Greek antiquity and the European middle ages.
Transcendentalism was a literary movement in mid-19th century North America, and in some ways an outgrowth of Romanticism. It also involves an idealized understanding of nature and a desire to transcend materialism and conventional values and religious ideas.