Can you let me know how nemesis overtook Claudius, Gertrude, Laertes and Hamlet?

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Jamie Wheeler | College Teacher | eNotes Employee

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I am not entirely sure what you mean by "nemesis" but one of the definitions is "something that a person cannot conquer or acheive".  If this is the case, then Claudius never achieves a true kingship (he cheats and murders to gain the throne, only to be killed himself), Gertrude loses her status as a respected queen; Laertes loses his sister and father and is doomed to a life of regret for leaving them both to pursue his own agendas; Hamlet avenges his father's death, but loses his mother and the fate of Denmark to Fortinbras in the process.  "Nemesis," therefore, in this definition, meets the criteria of tragedy...and Hamlet is one of literature's finest all-round examples of the term. 

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