Where is satire or irony in chapter 4 or 5?What quotes/passages are ironic or satiric?

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mwestwood | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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Chapter 5 of "Brave New World" contains a parody/satire of a religious revival in the "Solidarity Service" where people are placed in groups of twelve, as the apostles were numbered.  The President of the group begins by making the sign of the T--a mockery of the sign of the cross. The Solidarity Hymn is played as soma tablets are laid on the table and strawberry soma ice cream is passed around for each to drink--a mocking imitation of communion in a religious ceremony.  As the cup is passed around again, a third Solidarity Hymn is played and the ritual begins.  The people move in rhythm, acting as though some sacred revelation will happen.  They sway and dance; then, they go off onto couches for the "orgy-porgy."  The evangelical-type of service degenerates into a sexual orgy instead of religious ecstasy.

With satiric descriptions, Orwell shows that the deep-seated need for mystic belief is still present in the New World.  But, this need has been directed into a conditioning exercise, a conditioning necessary for the New World.  However, just as some people have not found fulfillment in religious rituals, Bernard feels emptiness after the Solidarity Service.

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teachersage | (Level 2) Senior Educator

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Chapter four satirizes the upside-down morality of this brave new world vis-a-vis the world of the late 1920s–30s that Huxley's readers would have understood. Most readers then would have treated sex as a strictly private affair, especially sex outside of marriage, which was considered a shameful thing.

Marriage was highly esteemed in Huxley's world. In this brave new world, however, promiscuous sexuality is valued and marriage is understood as shameful. So when Bernard Marx reacts with embarrassment to Lenina's open delight in spending a week on vacation with him, if he still "wants to have" her, Lenina can't understand it, wondering why he blushes.

Further, when Bernard continues to act uncomfortable and asks that they speak privately, which would be the normal way to handle talking about sex for Huxley's audience, Lenina thinks,

 “As though I’d been saying something shocking.”

Of course, the irony to her readers is that she is saying something shocking. Lenina goes on to think:

“He couldn’t look more upset if I’d made a dirty joke—asked him who his mother was, or something like that.”

This is ironic as well, because to Huxley's audience, talking about a mother is not a dirty joke, but highly honorable.

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sheere | Student, Grade 10 | eNotes Newbie

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you can find satire and irony on page 120!!

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