Can you give me a brief social, historical and political background of England in the 19th century?
Can you give me a brief social, historical and political background of England in the 19th century? I wanted it to be easy to understand, and like points or hints that help me to make a project about it :) Please I want each one in a paragraph alone, but like the form of ponits. Thanks!
There are two periods of the 19th Century: the Romantic and the Victorian. The Romantic actually began in the late 18th Century with the American and French Revolutions.
The Romantic period is a backlash against the Age of Reason, and the Victorian period (of Realism) was a backlash against the Romantic period.
Here are the distinctions in particular:
ROMANTIC PERIOD (c. 1790-1830) Romantic poets wrote about nature and the imagination in England, such as Coleridge, Blake, Keats, and Shelley. In Germany, Goethe writes. In America, this period is called theTranscendental Period. Transcendentalists include Emerson and Thoreau. Gothic writings, (c. 1790-1890) overlap with the Romantic and Victorian periods. Writers of Gothic novels (the precursor to horror novels) include Radcliffe, Monk Lewis, and Bram Stoker in Britain. In America, Gothic writers include Poe and Hawthorne.
VICTORIAN PERIOD (1832-1901) Writing during the period of Queen Victoria's reign includes sentimental novels. British writers include Browning, Arnold, Dickens, the Brontës, and Austen. Pre- Raphaelites like the Rossettis, William Morris, idealize and long for the morality of the medieval. The end of the Victorian Period marked by intellectual movements of Asceticism and "the Decadence" in writings of Pater and Wilde. In America, Naturalist writers like Stephen Crane flourish, as do Walt Whitman and Emily Dickinson.
From the Restoration period (1660) to end of the neo-classical age (1798), English literature aimed to achieve the like form and content of classical literature. So, it was a literature of criticism. Satire, wit, and reasoning, were the media of expressions. To the neo-classical writers, the contents of the literature were men and his social and political problems. This literature was entirely an artificial literature. But, from the heart of the restoration period, there came out a reaction, and some writers rejecting the trend of the age, fired the unextinguished imagination of the people and stimulated their interest to nature. Those who first did this, were, James Macpherson through his “Ossian” in 1660 and James Thomson through his “Seasons” (1726-1730) and Bishop Percy through his “Reliques of Ancient English Poetry” (1765.) There were other poets as Thomas Gray, Edward Young, William Collins, George Crabbe, William Cowper, Robert Burns and William Blake who prepared the genuine background for the revival of romanticism in English literature. And hence, they are called the fore-runners or the precursors of Romanticism. They did not propagate any romantic theory of poetry as Wordsworth did in 1798, with his ‘Lyrical Ballads’, but they clearly introduced almost all the romantic elements in their poetic works.
Rousseau's call to return to nature , the enthusiasm of the French Revolution ,Blake ,and Burn's contributions , and then the publication of Wordsworth's Lyrical Ballads , produced a new vista in literature .
hm, no one answered me :( please I just need the period of the Romanticism time of the 19th century. i.e. I want to know about a brief social, historical and political background of England in the 19th century during the romanticism age. and if there are some events in the late 18th century where the Romanticism started, I want it as well. it has nothing to do with Victorian age, by the way.
and Thanks a lot =)