Can you give an example of the type of literary device that these lines from "Romeo and Juliet" contain? "Depart again. Here, here will I remain With worms that are thy chambermaids." These lines can be found within scene 3 of Act 5 in Romeo and Juliet the play. Please help!

Expert Answers

An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

To say that one thing equals another, as Romeo does here:

"worms that are thy chambermaids"

is to create a metaphor, and even specifically, anthropomorphizing the worms (making worms like humans).

Metaphors work like equations. Two unlike objects, people, places, etc., are compared directly, using the equation rather than the obvious comparison of a simile (where "like" or "as" is used).

What does it mean to say worms are chambermaids? This is an important question because figurative language creates a bigger image than saying something with adjectives or using generalizations, which aren't as vivid, compelling, or intriguing.

Several connotations or resonances are generated.

  • Chambermaids extends the conceit (an expanded metaphor) of Death coming to Juliet like a bridegroom or lover in her bedroom. (Look earlier in the passage for Death being "amorous.") A chambermaid is a servant woman who attends a wealthy young woman. To say that chambermaids are present is to say that Juliet is cared for in her room. But ironically, how do worms "care for" the human body? What do worms do once we are dead?
  • Romeo saying he will remain with these worms that are like chambermaids is making his decision to die easier. Worms (maggots) are disgusting in the sense of eating human flesh, so if Romeo "sweetens up" the image a bit, it might be easier for him to accept what he's about to do: suicide.

Hope this helps!


Approved by eNotes Editorial Team

Posted on

Soaring plane image

We’ll help your grades soar

Start your 48-hour free trial and unlock all the summaries, Q&A, and analyses you need to get better grades now.

  • 30,000+ book summaries
  • 20% study tools discount
  • Ad-free content
  • PDF downloads
  • 300,000+ answers
  • 5-star customer support
Start your 48-Hour Free Trial