Child psychology is part of developmental psychology, as it deals with the psychological and cognitive development within children. Being aware of various facts relating to child psychology is absolutely crucial for a preschool teacher.
For example, by studying the various stages of early child development, a teacher will be knowledgeable about what a child is supposed to be able to do at what age. Part of the role of a preschool teacher nowadays is not just the supervision and education of the children but also to keep a watchful eye on the children’s development. In a time where both parents are often at work all day and are not able to spend a lot of time with their children, it is often the preschool teacher that first notices unusual behavior within a child.
Having studied the principles of psychological child development, a preschool teacher will be better qualified to identify possible issues or delays in a child’s development. If they have any concerns regarding a child’s development, the preschool teachers can then initiate actions in order to help the child. For example, a preschool teacher might notice a delay in sound production and speech development in one of the children, which is in contrast to a normal developmental pattern according to the brain’s developmental stage at that age. As a result, the teacher could then recommend the help of a speech therapist. Should there be any concerns regarding unusual social behavior, such as early signs of autism, a child psychiatrist could be employed in order to make a diagnosis.
If a preschool teacher were to be unaware of the patterns of mental development of children, then the delay caused to the children receiving the necessary help could be detrimental to their further development and education.