Teamwork is an essential part of patient safety. Outlining team members' roles enables the team to accomplish needed goals and fulfills the team's purpose.
Effective health care teams demonstrate the following characteristics: common purpose, measurable goals, effective leadership, effective communication, cohesion, and mutual respect. In order to have effective leadership, a team leader must be identified. This is particularly crucial in a patient care environment.
As with any team, members of a health care treatment have different backgrounds with varying degrees of knowledge and expertise. Each team member has their own professional and personal experiences to draw upon, as well as their own biases. For example, a health care team may be made up of a doctor, a nurse, a physical therapist, and a diabetes educator. Each member of the team has their own objective to treat the patient. Family members may also become part of the health care team.