Can you explain an example of a literary device that this line from "Romeo and Juliet" contains? "A grave? O, no, a lantern, slaughtered youth,..." This line can be found within Scene 3 of Act 5.

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Although I am used to calling it a "figure of speech" instead of a "literary device," the one used here is most certainly apostrophe.  In the quote you mention, Romeo speaks to the dead body of Paris as Romeo places Paris in the tomb near Juliet.  Romeo swears that Juliet's resting place is not a grave but a lantern that will give perpetual light because of Juliet's beauty.  It is precisely because Romeo speaks directly to Paris' body that the figure of speech is apostrophe.  Apostrophe is often preceded by the word "O" and used when a speaker breaks off from normal speech and addresses an absent person, an abstract idea, an imaginary figure, or even a dead person.  Apostrophe is related to personification, but the difference is that in apostrophe, objects or abstractions are only "implied" to have human qualities and are directly addressed.  (There doesn't have to be a direct address for personification to be present.) 

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