Slavery in the Nineteenth Century Questions and Answers

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Can you compare and contrast the antislavery movement before 1830 with the abolitionist movement after 1830?

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brettd eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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I don't agree completely with the second post.  The main differences in the pre-1830 and post-1830 movements center around their goals and their degree of popular support.  Before 1830, as pohnpei states, the main focus was on alternative solutions to the controversy.  Compensated emancipation, where slaveowners were paid for their slaves and then they were freed, sometimes to return to Africa, was considered more fair at the time.  We had ended slave imports in 1808.

But there is a huge difference in the number of slaves pre and post-1830.  In 1800, the US had around 750,000 slaves nationwide.  By 1860 that number was an incredible four million, so the nature of slavery, the size of the institution and its location were different in those two time periods.

Lastly, the anti-slavery/abolition movement was more passive and less organized before 1830, and more active and increasingly organized after 1830.  As the size of slavery grew, it became more difficult...

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