Here are the figures of speech in the third stanza of "Daffodils," by William Wordsworth:
The waves beside them danced, [personification=waves given human characteristics],but they/Out-did the sparkling waves in glee;[personification]/
A poet [metonymy=a part to represent the whole: "poet" represents all people] could not but be gay,/
In such a jocund company [personification=daffodils are happy like people]:/I gaze--and gazed--but little thought/
What wealth [metaphor: "wealth"=contentment, meaning] the show [metaphor for the beauty of Nature in the "show" of the daffodils] to me had brought
In 1762 when Jean-Jacques Rousseau published The Social Contract, this Romanticist wrote that man is born free, yet "we see him everywhere in chains." Like Rousseau, Wordsworth perceives the breaking free of these chains of society in order to regain communion with Nature as highly desirable. Indeed, man's melancholy is caused by the unnatural restraints of society. When he gazes at daffodils (Nature) and senses the beauty and joy of Nature, he is free and happy. Wordsworth, like Henry David Thoreau, felt that man's existential meaning was derived from the rural scene rather than in the cities, the centers of civilization. Until he sees the "jocund" daffodils, the poet "wanders lonely as a cloud," but once in touch with Nature and its happy beauty, he finds meaning and joy in his life with the expression of human emotion. ("What wealth the show to me had brought.") For, when the poet senses again the beauty of the daffodils, his "heart with pleasure fills."