The character of Holden Caufield in The Catcher in the Rye by J. D. Salinger is a very confused and angry young man trying not only to discover authenticity in the outside world but also to gain self-knowledge and identity. Being teenage male without a great degree of self-discipline, he wants both of them immediately, and is not very good at being patient and working on long term goals. Part of his condemning everyone else as "phony", is, I think, motivated by jealousy ("sour grapes"), and a desire to be part of the "cool kid" clique. Part is a spark of genuine desire for authentic intellectual and creative life. It's not really an either/or question, but rather a both/and issue. What makes the novel so good is that, I think, many of us as we read are rooting for the authentic part of Holden to win out over the confused and angry part.