What is the difference between paraphrasing and quoting?

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The difference between paraphrasing and quoting is that when quoting you use the author’s exact words, and when paraphrasing you use the author’s ideas but put them in your own words.

In writing, we often have to use other people’s ideas. There is nothing wrong with this. We are often researching, or writing about what other people think. Obviously in order to write about what people think, you need to use their ideas. It is important, however, when you use another person’s ideas that you give that person credit for the ideas.

Giving credit where credit is due is a complicated business....

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taangerine | Student

Paraphrasing is when you take a excerpt and rephrase it for your understanding or for the audience/reader's understanding. 

On the other hand, quoting is directly stating what an individual has said or written. 

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CaitlynnReeves | Student

Quoting is stating, verbatim what an individual said. Proper grammar for a quote includes quotation marks "" and commas where necessary. 

Paraphrasing is retelling generally what was said. There is no need to use quotations when paraphrasing. 

Quote: Dad said, "I am going to the grocery store." 

Paraphrase: Dad said he was going to the store. 

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misscrump | Student

Paraphrasing is when you take a passage and put it in your own words. This is usually shorter than the original passage and it basically takes the main idea and breaking it down by how you would explain it. 

Quoting is when its identical to the original and the author is attributed. 

arrellbelle | Student

Paraphrasing is simply your own version or rewording of an original statement/sentence. In other words, it is your own ideas and thought process as to how you understand what you've heard/read.

Whereas, quoting is re-stating exactly what the author has written down. So when you write down a quote someone has said, you incorporate quotation marks around the quote so that you give the author credit.

rachellopez | Student

Paraphrasing is just putting what someone else says in your own words. When you do this you, take their general idea and you say it in a way that you can understand. My teaches have always said paraphrasing is different than summarizing because when you are summarizing you don't necessarily have to understand what it means. However, with paraphrasing you put it in a way that you and your peers can fully understand while still getting the author's original message across.

Quoting, on the other hand, is saying exactly what the author has said. You use their exact words and quotation marks around it, showing that it is their idea. The only thing is, you have to be able to explain and analyze the quotes you put in your writing to make an effective claim/argument.

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amysor | Student

Paraphrasing is using an author's idea. It is putting their idea in your words, but you still have to give credit to the author. While quoting is using exact words from the author. 

For example"


The Bill of Rights helped give people their "universal human rights that every person is entitled to", such as the freedom of speech.


Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.

-Constitution, Amendment I

Paraphrasing is taking the main idea, without actually using the same exact words. Although, even paraphrasing, its still important to adknowledge the author and give credit. 

Hope I helped answer you question!

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PrunTuns | Student

As teachers always seem to say, paraphrasing is "putting something into your own words." The way I would paraphrase is to read an excerpt and then to immediately record, without referencing the text, what I feel the text essentially says. In essence, I am trying to be as concise as possible in translating what the excerpt conveys, including the key words and ideas. If you are writing an essay, paraphrasing is often less-preferred than direct quoting because the former is seen as less reliable support for your analyses. 

On the other hand, to quote is to repeat, word-for-word or otherwise exactly as is printed in the original work, a certain part of the text. Be careful because failing to quote properly (or even paraphrase) is sometimes counted as plagiarism, determined at your instructor's discretion. Quotes, or snippets, are often more effective in supporting your claims in an essay, but as litteacher8 points out, "quotations should be short." They should only be used as support for your analyses, not as the analyses themselves. 

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