Can someone please describe what is going on with the issue of gay marriage today? 

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Other questions that you have asked lead me to assume that you are asking about gay marriage in the United States.  I will base my answer on that assumption.

At the moment, gay marriage is largely a matter for the individual states to decide.  Each state has the right at...

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Other questions that you have asked lead me to assume that you are asking about gay marriage in the United States.  I will base my answer on that assumption.

At the moment, gay marriage is largely a matter for the individual states to decide.  Each state has the right at this point to decide whether it will allow gay marriage.  As of right now, 13 states and the District of Columbia allow gay marriages.  The other states have a variety of laws regarding gay marriages and domestic partnerships.

An important fact to note is that states that do not allow gay marriages do not have to recognize such marriages that have been solemnized in states that do allow them.  This means that a gay couple that gets married in Washington, for example, would not be legally married in the eyes of state law if they moved to Texas.   

At the federal level, one part of the Defense of Marriage Act was declared unconstitutional in the summer of 2013.  This means that the federal government must now recognize the validity of gay marriages performed in states that approve such unions.

Thus, there is no blanket right to gay marriage in the US, but 13 states do grant that right and the federal government is now obligated to recognize gay marriages from those states.

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