Can someone suggest to me a good thesis statement for this essay topic?
Were the children in these three works (" Romeo and Juliet" "The curious incident of the dog in the nighttime" and "Things Fall Apart") victims of their parents and their time ?
If your answer is "yes," you will be arguing that the parents of these characters and the rules of the time period s in which they lived caused hardships for the characters
If your answer is "no," you will be arguing that the children themselves were more responsible for their hardships than anybody/anything else.
This assignment seems pretty straight forward to me. The problem is where do you stand? Do you agree that the children were the victims of their parents? If so, your thesis will have to do with the fact that the children were helpless, and completely at the mercy of the decisions their parents made. Therefore, the children were victims of circumstances beyon their control. If you do believe this, you need to have reasons, examples, anecdotes, quotes, etc. from each of the stories you mention to support your stance. For example, in "Romeo and Juliet," the children are at the mercy of a feud that is older than their own parents. It makes no sense that they should be enemies just because their ancestors had a disagreement. In addition, Juliet's father arranges a marriage for her in order to help the family get over Tybalt's untimely death. Juliet has no say in this matter, so you could quite obviously argue that she is a victim of her father's whims--definitely beyond her own control. There are also multiple incidents of unlucky happenstance...messages not delivered in time, plague outbreaks, etc.
On the other hand, maybe you don't agree that the children are victims. Perhaps they are all responsible for their own decisions, thus bringing on the misery in their lives all by themselves. If this is the case, your thesis will state this idea--the children themselves make decisions and take on their problems without asking for help from people who are able to make a difference in their lives. You would, of course, need to state examples, anecdotes, quotes, etc. from each of the stories to support you stance. For example, in "Romeo and Juliet," both children make decisions behind their parents' backs which complicate things immensely. Had either or both of them had the courage to stand up and speak aloud what they were feeling and what they wanted, perhaps the ending would have been less tragic. Romeo should not have crashed the party at the Capulets, Juliet should not have allowed him in her room, they should not have decided to marry secretly, Juliet should have spoken up and admitted she was married already instead of drinking some hairbrain potion, etc.
Whichever focus you choose (the children are victims/the children create their own misery), you should have at least three reasons for why you are choosing that stance, and a minimum of one example from each story to back up your reasons. I have included links which you might find helpful in developing your essay and supporting your thesis. Good Luck!