Can someone explain the logical argument that the poem "Sonnet 14" contains?

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The speaker asks that her lover will love her only for the sake of that love, and not because of her smile or the way she talks, for example, because these things can change and she does not want her lover's...

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In this poem, the author admonishes her love not to love her for any particular reason, such as her smile or looks or gentle manner of speaking. Nor may it be because of 'a trick of thought', which matches his own, bringing him a 'sense of pleasant ease'. Her argument is that these things may change, or his perception of them may be altered, causing his love to falter.

Nor must he love her out of pity, which dries the tears from her cheeks. This is because his 'comfort' may in time make her forget to cry and thus cause his love to wither.

Finally she asks that he love her for love's sake alone. In this way, he may continue to love her forever or, as she expresses it, 'through love's eternity'.