With syntax meaning the systematic, grammatical arrangement of words in a sentence, Chapter 21 of The Grapes of Wrath. an intercalary chapter, demonstrates the biblical refrain that Steinbeck has earlier used in his chapters.
This chapter is written as a refrain of the social criticism of Steinbeck's novel, the battle between the rich and the poor. With the biblical overtones of "The Battle Hymn of the Republic" in which "the grapes of wrath" suggest the anger of God against those who worship the false god, Steinbeck implies that this false god is capitalism and the wrath is that of the oppressed migrant workers.
The syntax of many of the sentences is in the repetitious form of many of the Psalms of the Bible, as well as many of the chapters of the Old Testament. For instance, Steinbeck writes of the panic of the owners as migrants multiply, beginning several sentences with the subject Men,
Men of property were terrified for their property. Men who had never been hungry saw the...
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