The Enlightenment is the time in Europe during the 17th and 18th centuries in which philosophers began to question the world around them, particularly in regards to politics. Thinkers like Locke, Montesquieu, and Rousseau developed new ideas regarding government and how it should function. Their ideas challenged the status quo of powerful monarchs that had ruled for centuries. The ideas of Enlightenment thinkers would go on to significantly influence the Founding Fathers of the United States as they established new ideals and a new government for their nation.
The main idea that the Founding Fathers attributed to John Locke was the idea of the three natural rights which every man is granted, according to Locke, by God. Locke believed all men had the right to life, liberty, and property. This idea would be borrowed by Thomas Jefferson in the Declaration of Independence, in which he referenced the rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
John Locke believed that the...
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