Can somebody help me find a good descriptive poem with imagery, sound devices, and poetic devices—by a published author?
I need to have two forms of each: imagery, sound devices and poetic devices. It also has to be from a published author.
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There are many poems to choose from. If you had the time, I would suggest The Rime of the Ancient Mariner by Samuel Taylor Coleridge. It is an epic, supernatural poem, with many literary and poetic devices. You might, however, want something shorter for now.
Look at Edgar Allan Poe's poem, "Annabel Lee."
For imagery, see the line about the wind blowing out of the sea (third stanza), as well as the image at the end of the poem: at the night-tide, he lies down next to her, where she lies in her sepulcher (last stanza).
In terms of sound devices, it is what I love about this poem: it was truly meant to be read aloud. Although we often think of Poe as the king of the horror and suspense, he is an great poet as well. "Annabel Lee" is simple, but it has a real musical quality. For sound devices, I would look for assonance, consonance, and/or alliteration.
Assonance is in the line "I lie down by the side." Note that not all the letters are the same, but the SOUNDS are, and that is what is important in "sound devices." You can hear the long "i" sound in "lie," "by" and "side." This works because the "y" has the long "i" sound (this is found in the last stanza). Consonance is in the line "never dissever," with the "r" sounds at the end of the words (fifth stanza).
In terms of poetic devices, there are several Poe uses. This is not the most sophisticated poem he has written, but it is a fine place to begin. (By the way, many websites and textbooks—and I think accurately so—list sound devices and poetic devices as the same things, especially with assonance, consonance and alliteration.) The first poetic device I notice is the dramatic rhyme. This is how you know the poem should be read aloud. Its musical quality comes out with the sound devices, then in the poetic devices.
For instance, look at the rhyming pattern, found in the last word of each line in the first stanza. When we scan a rhyme scheme, we assign a different letter to each new sound. ("Near rhyme" is when words are used that sound very similar, e.g., "came" and "again. It is not true rhyme, but poets use this device. Poe doesn't choose to.)
The rhyme scheme of the first stanza is: A B A B C B. In other words, the words "ago" and "know" rhyme. We assign an "A" to the long "o" sound. For the second, fourth and sixth lines, we hear rhyme in the words "sea," "Lee," and "me." This second sound (assigned in the order the next sound is used") is given a "B." The only line that does not have an end rhyme that follows this pattern is line five. "Thought" does not rhyme with anything, so we assign it a "C."
The second stanza also has end rhyme, but the pattern is different. It takes up after the rhyme scheme of the first stanza. It is D B E B F B. The "B" sound is the repetition of the long "e" sound found in "sea," "Lee," and "me," while D E and F intorduce new sounds.
Now that we have covered end rhyme, we can move on to repetition. There is a lot of it here. Line one uses "many" and "many." "Annabel Lee" is used repeatedly, as is "sea." Repetition is used in the word "love":
But we loved with a love that was more than love
Also repeated is some form of:
In this kingdom by the sea.
Repetition can also be used when the structure of a phrase is repeated:
She was a child and I was a child,
You might also be able to use the word "blew" as a form of onomatopoeia that mimics the sound of the wind:
A wind blew out of a cloud by night...
Hope this is of some help!
NOTE: you could also use "The Raven." Great for devices!
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