Could you help me define these quotes referring to Brave New World?
"The people who govern the Brave New World may not be sane (in what may be called the absolute sense of the world), but they are not madmen, and their aim is not anarchy but social stability. it is in order to achieve stability that they carry out, by scientific means, the ultimate, personal, really revolutionary revolution."
"The greatest triumphs of propaganda have been accomplished, not by doing something, but by refraining from doing. Great is truth, but still greater, from a practical point of view, is silence about truth."
I need to write about the quote and not only about the book. Please and thank you!
Both of the quotes from Brave New World refer not just to society in the novel but also to all societies that fall under totalitarian rule.
1. First quote: When one observes the leaders of totalitarian regimes such as Hitler's Germany, Stalin's Soviet Union, and Kim Jung Il's North Korea, he will see that the leaders (dictators) of these nations are often referred to as madmen or insane. But Huxley's point (as seen in the quote) is that instead of the dictators being mad and out of control, they actually create their harsh rules and incomprehensible doctrines to establish sane stability instead of chaos. Stability develops into normalcy, and if totalitarian leaders can convince their subjects that normalcy is having every aspect of their life controlled, and if they can manipulate the people into thinking that stability is more important than any of their individual desires or goals, then they gain and maintain ultimate power.
2. Second quote: Almost all dystopian novels and societies rely on propaganda--a tool which many mistakenly believe always manipulates people into doing something. However, in Huxley's London, propaganda has actually convinced people to keep quiet about the truth. Just as Winston Smith's 1984 society makes him control his thoughts and words because he is being monitored, Huxley's regime in Brave New World recognizes that some people know the truth (they can never completely eradicate the truth), but that those people must be manipulated into thinking it is normal to withhold the truth.
The meaning of the first quote seems pretty clear. What it is saying is that the whole point of the Brave New World is to make their society completely stable. I would say that this is true. Stability comes when people are completely set in their ways and are relatively content to stay that way.
The society in the book achieves this by totally changing the way people exist. The society engineers the people so that they will fit into the slots that society wants them to be in. That way, there is no ambition, no frustration, nothing like that. When people are content with their lives, their society will be stable.