Flat foot is a condition in which the longitudinal arch of the foot collapses and comes into contact with the ground. Flat feet are normal in infants and toddlers because the longitudinal arch is not yet developed. Flat feet in children can be caused by a condition known as tarsal coalition. This is when two or more of the bones in the feet fuse together. Fallen arches can also cause flat feet due to years of wear and tear of the feet.
Flat foot can be treated but if there is no pain associated with it then there is no reason to move forward with treatments. Some common treatments that are used with this condition are shoe inserts, ankle braces, surgery, pain medication, and anti-inflammatory medication.
Yes, flatfeet or a flatfoot can be corrected. It requires a surgical procedure performed by a podiatrist(foot Dr.). Most authors state that in order to be a candidate for these types of surgical procedures, they patient must be experiencing alot of problems and or deformities. This is because the recovery time is quite long and painful.
One type of procedure is called hind foot osteotomy with or without fusion. Implants also may be utilized. Basically, the bottom of the foot(plantar surface) is incised and the bones are manipulated. Sometimes the bones are "shaved", the ligaments and tendons also have to be reconstructed as well as the muscles in the area.
Being flat footed is a permanent condition that can have genetic causes. It can also be caused by pregnancy, illness, injury, and prolonged stress on the foot. In this condition, the arch of the foot collapses placing the sole of the foot into contact with the ground. Having flat feet can result in knee, foot, and lower leg pain.
Treatment for flat feet include the use of orthotics to support the arch, foot gymnastics, and other exercises prescribed by a doctor. In extreme cases, surgeries may be performed to create an arch.
There are doctors who say that, up to four years, worries are unfounded. They ensure that, at this age, 96% of children have flat feet, and the problem is solved by itself, spontaneously. Others are more skeptical, however, and advocates for a correction as soon as possible.
Conditions of life of children with flat feet are perfectly normal. So, the child should not exempt the sport activity. The child can practice including performance sports.