Can a federal state be a nation-state?

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Yes, it can be, though a true nation-state would have much less of a need to be federal than other states would.

A federal state is generally needed when the country is either A) very big or B) diverse in ways that coincide with geography.  A nation-state should not be...

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Yes, it can be, though a true nation-state would have much less of a need to be federal than other states would.

A federal state is generally needed when the country is either A) very big or B) diverse in ways that coincide with geography.  A nation-state should not be as likely to be diverse because it would not be like (for example) Nigeria, with one religious group in the North and another in the South.  However, a nation-state could well be large enough to need federalism and could be diverse in non-ethnic ways.  It could, for example, have farming regions and industrial regions that see themselves as distinct from one another economically and which have different political leanings but which still see themselves as one nation.

So, the fact that a state is a nation-state does not mean that it cannot be federal.  However, it would be less likely to need federalism than a state that is not also a nation-state.

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Yes, a federal state can be a nation state at the same time. One term is primarily focussed on the governmental structure, while the other puts more emphasis on the cultural unity and commonalities of the population within the country being described.

"Federal" refers to a form of government in which some powers are designated to a central governmental authority, while other governmental powers and responsibilities are designated to other, usually more locally-based authorities. In the United States, the federal government is responsible for defense and conducting foreign policy on behalf of the nation, for example, while individual states are in charge of education within each particular state.

The term "nation-state" describes a political system that serves the citizens of a geographic and cultural area as the legitimate government for that area.

The state is a political andgeopolitical entity; the nation is a cultural and/or ethnic entity. The term "nation-state" implies that the two geographically coincide

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