Can CMV be transmitted as a STD?
CMV or cytomegalovirus is a chronic infection of leukocytes. Many people have been infected with CMV and are unaware of it because the symptoms were so minor. It is classified as a herpesvirus. The course of infection is usually mild but can be severe in immunocompromised individuals who are, for example, HIV positive. Other diseases that compromise the immune system also make you susceptible to CMV infection. Initial signs of infection may be flu-like including sore throat, fever, and swollen lymph glands (lymphadenopathy).
The virus that causes CMV has been detected in blood, feces, vaginal secretions, semen, saliva, and urine. So yes, it can be transmitted sexually and therefore can be classified as a sexually transmitted disease (STD).
Cytomegalovirus or CMV is a common virus that infects most people during their lives but is seldom noticed as it does not cause any obvious symptoms. As it is part of the herpes virus family, CMV can remain dormant in the body for a long time and reactive when the defenses of the body are weak. The virus is only carried by people and not food, water or animals.
The virus is not highly communicable but it can spread by diret contact from one person to another. It is also present in the urine, saliva and semen and to a lesser extent in other body fluids. As the disease can spread by direct contact it can surely spread as a STD as there is direct contact during this process.