Another novel in which the main character demonstrates pessimism is Thomas Hardy's Tess of the D'Ubervilles. The tragic protagonist, Tess, becomes pessimistic about her future after Chance causes a freak-accident in which her family's horse and source of her father's livelihood is killed. Feeling responsible for this predicament, Tess agrees to seek the financial aid of the wealthy D'Ubervilles. However, when she encounters Alec D'Uberville, who is not really related to her, she is seduced and raped by him. Bereft and pregnant, she returns home. Tess obtains work as a farm hand and carries the baby to her work site. Weak, the baby dies and Tess is in despair, but seeks work as a dairymaid where she meets and falls in love with Angel Clare. However, she resists his proposals because of her feelings of unworthiness.
After she finally relents and agrees to wed Angel, Tess reveals her past; Angel cannot love the woman who does fit the image he has created. So, he departs England for Brazil and the poor Tess returns home. Again, she becomes a farm laborer, and in a chance occurrence, meets Alec D'Uberville with whom she goes since she and her family are starving. To add to her desperation, Angel returns to England, and, after having acquired experience, he forgives Tess. But, poor Tess is now with Alec, whom she stabs in her gloom. Fleeing with the loving Angel, Tess becomes exhausted and is apprehended. Later, she is executed for the murder she has committed, a fate she accepts in her deeply pessimistic state.