Can anyone analyze Scout's characteristics for me in regards to character development?
There is a good discussion of Scout's character here on eNotes at the link below, so I will not repeat what you can find there. One thing to keep in mind about Scout is that she is the narrator of the book, but grown up when she tells the tale, so a lot of times it seems as if she possesses more wisdom than someone her age would be expected to possess. That said, Harper Lee does a good job of presenting Scout as an innocent but perceptive child, wise beyond her years, in spite of the fact that we know Scout is Lee's persona and as such, comments on the hypocrisy and prejudice she sees all around her.
It is through Scout's perception of events that a lot of the theme is uncovered, because Jem, Atticus, Calpurnia and Miss Maudie are often explaining things to Scout and in so doing, we find out a lot about the culture in the South, how things are and how things should be but are not.
Scout does not always think before speaking and like a typical child, says things that are profound without realizing how profound they are (the "out of the mouths of babes" statements). Scout grows up in this novel and learns important lessons about life and love, which we, too are supposed to learn.