No doubt, "The Necklace" is one of Maupassant's greatest short stories:
Like most of Maupassant's short fiction, it was an instant success, and it has become his most widely read and anthologized story. In addition to its well-rounded characters, tight plotting, wealth of detail, and keen social commentary, ''The Necklace'' is conspicuous for its use of the "whip-crack" or ‘‘O. Henry’’ ending, in which a plot twist at the end of the story completely changes the story's meaning.
"The Necklace" by Guy de Maupssant is one of his greatest short stories. In this short story, Maupassant teaches the reader a lesson about the important things in life. Madame Loisel is unappreciative. She is miserable. She feels she was born for the finer things in lIfe.
In reality, Madame Loisel has so much for which to be thankful. She has a husband who loves her. She has a maid. She has many blessings that she takes for granted. She is beautiful and does not realize it.
After she borrows and loses her friend's necklace, she has to work extra hard to pay off the debt. She grows old quickly from all the hard work of her extra jobs. She scrubbs floors and breaks her fingernails.
In this story, Maupassant not only teaches the reader a valuable lesson, but he teaches the main character a valuable lesson. Madame Loisel learns to appreciate the simple things in life. She appreciates a simple stroll along the river. She learns that life is to be enjoyed in its simplicity.
Through an omniscient third-person point-of-view, Maupassant uses a nonjudgemental narrator. The narrator just presents the story as it unfolds. Still, the reader can read in between the lines. The reader realizes that Madame Loisel is an ungrateful character who should aprreciate the fact that she has a husband who dotes upon her.
Irony is Maupassant's main literary device in "The Necklace." Ironically, the necklace turns out to be a fake. Madame Loisel lives a life of pretense. She allows her greed to ruin her life. The irony of it all is that Madame Loisel pretends to be something she is not. In reality, Madame Loisel had so much for which to be thankful. Ultimately, Madame Loisel learns to be content with the simple life she has been born to live.