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Can affirmative action be used to benefit those who did not actually experience discrimination?

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Affirmative Action was not initially intended to benefit groups or categories of individuals who were not the victims of systematic discrimination on the basis of race, ethnicity, religion, or gender, the final category not even represented in initial government efforts at eliminating discrimination in the workplace.  For example, President John F. Kennedy, on March 6, 1961, signed Executive Order 10925, which established the President’s Committee on Equal Employment Opportunity for the purpose of eliminating discriminatory practices involving government contacts with privately-owned companies.  For instance, the executive order, which carried the weight of law, stipulated that contractors seeking to do business with the federal government

“. . .will not discriminate against any employee or applicant for employment because of race creed, color, or national origin.  The contractor will take affirmative action to ensure that applicants are employed without regard to their race,...

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