By what kind of rudders does God rule the world, according to Philosophy in Boethius's The Consolation of Philosophy

According to Boethius in The Consolation of Philosophy, God orders all things for the good, in that he orders all things and is good. In other words, as God is good, it follows that everything he creates is good. This is the tiller and the rudder by which the universe is preserved and kept safe.

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Boethius uses the metaphor of God as a great cosmic helmsman to illustrate his point about the goodness of creation. God is able to keep his creation in good order because he himself is good, and therefore, everything he creates is also good.

Although creation may appear at times somewhat...

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Boethius uses the metaphor of God as a great cosmic helmsman to illustrate his point about the goodness of creation. God is able to keep his creation in good order because he himself is good, and therefore, everything he creates is also good.

Although creation may appear at times somewhat chaotic, there is nonetheless an underlying order and purpose to the world. Or, to use a nautical metaphor, the "ship" of creation may regularly appear to encounter stormy seas, but because the great helmsman God has ordered that everything is good—the "tiller" and "rudder"—he is able to keep the cosmos safe and preserved.

Everything in the world, from the highest to the lowest, is good and is ultimately part of the divine plan. The universe only holds together as it does because everything in it is good. In opposition to Manicheans, who believed that matter was intrinsically evil, Boethius holds that as God is good and that God is creator, it follows that all aspects of God's creation are good.

Human beings must recognize that they were created to be good just as God is good. In other words, goodness is as natural for humans as it is for God. By displaying goodness in our lives, we are voluntarily submitting to the will of God, who wants us to be good and to do good.

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