In "By the waters of Babylon", how does the narrator's point of view affects irony?
The narrator's point of view deepens the irony of the story, because the reader understands everything through his eyes. Even though John does not understand everything about the Place of the Gods, the reader begins to put together the clues provided by Benet about the god-roads, SUBTREAS, and ASHING to deduce that John has wandered into a fallen, post-apocalyptic city. Because John does have this incredibly naive perspective, his final revelation that the gods creates more of an 'a-ha' moment for the reader. His state of wonder at the god's towers and 'magic' does become deeply ironic, because the reader realizes that the 'magic' is really only electricity and technology.