By the end of the play The Importance of Being Earnest, has Jack really learned the importance of being earnest?

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No, Jack/Ernest Worthing has not truly learned "the importance of being earnest" at the end of Oscar Wilde's play The Importance of Being Earnest. The ending of the play is meant to be ironic.

Early in the play, we learn that Jack Worthing has been using the name Ernest while he's in London. He explains to Algernon, "Well, my name is Ernest in town and Jack in the country" (act 1). He claims that he does so because he must guard his reputation due to his responsibility for his ward, Cecily Cardew. He adds, "I have always pretended to have a younger brother of the name of Ernest, who lives in the Albany, and gets into the most dreadful scrapes" (act 1). Algernon understands immediately that what Jack does is similar to his own practice of "Bunburying." Jack emphasizes, however, that he intends to stop using his false persona so that he can settle down and marry Gwendolen Fairfax. Later in act 1, Jack learns that Gwendolen will only marry a man named Ernest, so he plans to be christened by...

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