In America's southern colonies, people were divided by class, race, and freedom. In 1619, the first enslaved people arrived in Virginia. There was also a division between whites, as some were indentured servants who had to work for 2–7 years to pay off the cost of their passage to the New World, while others were not indentured servants.
In 1676, during Bacon's Rebellion in Virginia, some indentured servants rose up against the white elite class to demand more land and the right to move to Native American lands. As a result, the white elite in Virginia and in other southern colonies imposed a more rigid color line and made a clearer delineation between whites and blacks. In addition, slavery became harsher, and there was a divide between whites and blacks, including the rights they possessed. Poor whites enjoyed less freedom, including the right to vote, than did richer whites, and there were differences among the colonists according to race and class.