But fish not with this melancholy bait For this fool gudgeon, this opinion-- pleae elaborate the meaning of above words taken from Act 1 scene 1

muddy-mettled | Student

This is, I think, an example of dialogue written for a minor character that can be interesting to review.  Some editors note that the gudgeon is a small fish and the slang meaning is one who is easily duped.  Gratiano is suggesting that Antonio is deliberately presenting himself as melancholy or very serious to suggest that he is thoughtful and wise, which in turn is interesting regarding the theme of appearances not always being informative.

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The Merchant of Venice

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