The brutal, bloody battles of Lexington and Concord changed the way of thinking for the colonies. Please explain in detail what the Americans dealt with before the armed rebellion. Be sure to...
The brutal, bloody battles of Lexington and Concord changed the way of thinking for the colonies. Please explain in detail what the Americans dealt with before the armed rebellion. Be sure to explain all of the legistaltion imposed on the colonies by the British Crown.
There were many examples of legislation the colonists didn’t support that were passed by Parliament. The first two laws dealt with the land the British received from France as a result of the French and Indian War. The British were concerned the Native Americans would attack settlers who moved into these lands. Thus, the British passed the Proclamation of 1763 banning the movement of the colonists into these newly acquired lands. The Quartering Act followed this law. This law required the colonists to provide housing for the British troops that were enforcing this unpopular law.
Eventually, Parliament began to pass tax laws. The Stamp Act and Townshend Acts were examples of tax laws that were passed. The colonists felt these laws were illegal because one of the rights of British citizens was to have representatives in Parliament that could vote on proposed tax laws. Since the colonists didn’t have representatives in Parliament, they thought these laws were unfair and violated their rights as British citizens.
Events turned violent on March 5, 1770. A group of British soldiers fired into a crowd of unruly colonists gathered outside of the Custom House in Boston. Five colonists were killed when the shooting ended.
The colonists were unhappy with Tea Act of 1773. This law gave a monopoly to the British East India Tea Company. All trading of tea had to go through this company. It also continued a tax on tea that already had been in existence. The colonists responded with the Boston Tea Party. Colonists boarded ships in Boston Harbor and dumped tea into the harbor. The British responded with the Intolerable Acts. These laws punished the colonists, especially those in Massachusetts, for the Boston Tea Party. The port of Boston was closed, and the colonists had less power regarding their government. For example, town meetings were ended. The colonists refused to obey these laws and formed their own militias. Eventually, the battles at Lexington and at Concord were fought. Many colonists were now convinced we would eventually go to war against Great Britain.