The British government of the American colonies...
A. was strongly centralized from its very beginning
B. had little subsequent influence on the development of American government
C. never developed an effective, centralized government
D. became less effective and centralized from 1660-1776
E. never established any formal control over the colonies until the Battle of Lexington
The correct answer is C. The British governments in America never developed a strong, centralized government. Each colony had developed independently of the others and was somewhat jealous of its autonomy. In fact, the colonies had closer relationships with London and Liverpool than with each other. Each colony was governed by a Royal Governor whose authority flowed directly from London. The only attempt at a centralized government was during the French and Indian Wars, when Benjamin Franklin proposed the Albany Plan of Union, a confederation organized solely for the purpose of providing a mutual defense mechanism. It was rejected by both London and the colonies.
The other answers appear wrong prima facie. Colonial government did not become less effective from 1660-1776; in fact after 1763 the period of salutary neglect ended and Britain attempted stronger control of the colonies, although not centralized. Similarly, the Battle of Lexington (and Concord) marked the beginning of the end for Colonial control by Britain.